HSC Chemistry Formula and Data Sheet

View the HSC Chemistry Formula and Data Sheet provided in the HSC Exam. Get familiar with the Chemistry formulas, constants and data required to answer Chemistry exam questions.

What is the HSC Chemistry Formula and Data Sheet?

All students are provided with the Chemistry Formula and Data Sheet in the HSC Chemistry Exam.

The HSC Chemistry formula sheet contains formulas of key Chemistry concepts and frequently used constants that are taught in the Year 11 & 12 Chemistry course.

The HSC Chemistry Data Sheet consists of


HSC Chemistry Formulae Sheet

n = \dfrac{m}{MM}   c=\dfrac{n}{V}
q=mc \Delta T  \Delta G\degree = \Delta H \degree - T\Delta S\degree
pK_a=-log_{10}[K_a]  A=\epsilon lc = log_{10}\dfrac{I_0}{I}
PV=nRT   pH = -log_{10}[H^+]


Avogadro’s constant, NA6.022 × 1023 mol-1
Volume of 1 mole of ideal gas: at 100kPa and
 at 0˚C (273.15K)22.71 L
at 25˚C (298.15K)24.79 L
Gas constant8.314 J mol-1 K-1
Ionisation constant for water at 25˚C (298.15K), Kw1.0 × 10-14
Specific heat capacity of water4.18 × 103 J kg-1 K-1



HSC Chemistry Data Sheet

Solubility constants at 25˚C

Barium carbonate2.58×10-9Lead(II) bromide6.60×10-6
Barium hydroxide2.55×10-4Lead(II) chloride1.70×10-5
Barium phosphate1.3×10-29Lead(II) iodide9.8×10-9
Barium sulfate1.08×10-10Lead(II) carbonate7.40×10-14
Calcium carbonate3.36×10-9Lead(II) hydroxide1.43×10-15
Calcium hydroxide5.02×10-6Lead(II) phosphate8.0×10-43
Calcium phosphate2.07×10-29Lead(II) sulfate2.53×10-8
Calcium sulfate4.93×10-5Magnesium carbonate6.82×10-6
Copper(II) carbonate1.4×10-10Magnesium hydroxide5.61×10-12
Copper(II) hydroxide2.2×10-20Magnesium phosphate1.04×10-24
Copper(II) phosphate1.40×10-37Silver bromide5.35×10-13
Iron(II) carbonate3.13×10-11Silver chloride1.77×10-10
Iron(II) hydroxide4.87×10-17Silver carbonate8.46×10-12
Iron(III) hydroxide2.79×10-39Silver hydroxide2.0 ×10-8
Iron(III) phosphate9.91×10-16Silver iodide8.52×10-17
Silver phosphate8.89×10-17
Silver sulfate1.20×10-5


Infrared absorption data

BondWavenumber / cm-1
3300 – 3500
3230 – 3550
C—H2850 – 3300
2500 – 3000
(very broad)
C\equivN2220 – 2260
C=O1680 – 1750
C=C1620 – 1680
C—O1000 – 1300
C—C750 – 1100


13C NMR chemical data shift

Type of carbon\delta/ppm
5 – 40
10 – 70
20 – 50
25 – 60

alcohols, ethers or esters
50 – 90
90 – 150
110 – 125
110 – 160

esters or acids
160 – 185

aldehydes or ketones
190 – 220


UV absorption

(This is not a definitive list and is approximate.)

Chromophore\lambda_{max} (nm)
C\equivC173            178
196            222



Some standard potentials

K+ + e‾\leftrightharpoonsK(s)-2.94 V
Ba2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsBa(s)-2.91 V
Ca2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsCa(s)-2.87 V
Na+ e‾\leftrightharpoonsNa(s)-2.71 V
Mg2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsMg(s)-2.36 V
Al3+ + 3e‾\leftrightharpoonsAl(s)-1.68 V
Mn2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsMn(s)-1.18 V
H2O + e‾\leftrightharpoons\dfrac{1}{2} H2(g) + OH‾-0.83 V
Zn2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsZn(s)-0.76 V
Fe2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsFe(s)-0.44 V
Ni2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsNi(s)-0.24 V
Sn2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsSn(s)-0.14 V
Pb2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsPb(s)-0.13 V
H+ + e‾\leftrightharpoons\dfrac{1}{2} H2(g)0.00 V
SO42- + 4H+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsSO2(aq) + 2H2O0.16 V
Cu2+ + 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsCu(s)0.34 V
\dfrac{1}{2}O2(g) + H2O + 2e‾\leftrightharpoons2OH‾0.40 V
Cu+ + e‾\leftrightharpoonsCu(s)0.52 V
\dfrac{1}{2}I2(s)+ e‾\leftrightharpoonsI‾0.54 V
\dfrac{1}{2}I2(aq) + e‾\leftrightharpoonsI‾0.62 V
Fe3+ + e‾\leftrightharpoonsFe2+0.77 V
Ag+ + e‾\leftrightharpoonsAg(s)0.80 V
\dfrac{1}{2}Br(l) + e‾\leftrightharpoonsBr‾1.08 V
\dfrac{1}{2}Br2(aq) + e‾\leftrightharpoonsBr‾1.10 V
\dfrac{1}{2}O2(g) + 2H++ 2e‾\leftrightharpoonsH2O1.23 V
\dfrac{1}{2}Cl2(g)+e‾\leftrightharpoonsCl‾1.36 V
\dfrac{1}{2}Cr2O72‾+ 7H+ + 3e‾\leftrightharpoonsCr3+ + \dfrac{7}{2} H2O1.36 V
\dfrac{1}{2}Cl2(aq) + e‾\leftrightharpoonsCl‾1.40 V
MnO4+ 8H+ + 5e‾\leftrightharpoonsMn2+ + 4H2O1.51 V
\dfrac{1}{2} F2(g) + e‾\leftrightharpoonsF‾2.89 V

Source: NSW Education Standards Authority



Written by Hee-Chan Jang

Hee-Chan is the author of Chemistry resources on Learnable. He loves teaching and helping students to "learn smarter", using his multidisciplinary knowledge of science and engineering. He is also currently completing his doctoral degree in mineral processing at The University of Sydney.

Share this article